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Parliament


Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan


The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the supreme state representative body and exercises legislative power.
The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of two chambers - the Legislative Chamber (lower chamber) and the Senate (upper chamber).
The term of office of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan is five years.

The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of one hundred and fifty deputies elected in accordance with the law.
The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan is a regional representative chamber and consists of Senate members (senators).
Members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Dzhokorgi Council of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the deputies of the representative bodies of state power of the regions, districts and cities, by means of a secret vote from among these deputies at the respective joint meetings of the representatives of the Republic of Karakalpakstan , regions and the city of Tashkent in equal numbers - six people are elected.

The joint powers of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan are as follows:
1) adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, amendments and additions to it;
2) adoption of constitutional laws and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, changes and additions to them;
3) making a decision on holding a referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan and setting a date for its holding;
4) defining the main directions of internal and external policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan and adopting state strategic programs;
5) defining the system and powers of legislative, executive and judicial authorities of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
6) approving decisions on the acceptance of new state structures into the Republic of Uzbekistan and their withdrawal from the Republic of Uzbekistan;
7) regulation of customs, currency and credit matters by law;
8) Adoption of the State budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan and control of its implementation according to the submission of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
9) introduction of taxes and other mandatory payments;
10) regulation of issues of the administrative-territorial structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan by law, changing its borders;
11) establishment, termination of districts, cities, regions, changing their names and boundaries;
12) establishment of state awards and titles;
13) approval of decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the creation and termination of ministries, state committees and other bodies of state administration;
14) establishment of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
15) To review and approve the candidacy of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan upon the presentation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as to hear and discuss the Prime Minister's reports on current issues of the country's socio-economic development;
16) to elect the representative of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights and his deputy;
17) review of the report of the Accounts Chamber of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
18) approval of the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the declaration of a state of war in the event of an attack on the Republic of Uzbekistan or in the event of the need to fulfill the obligations of the agreement concluded on mutual defense against aggression;
19) approving the decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on declaring general or partial mobilization, introducing a state of emergency, extending or terminating its validity;
20) ratification and denunciation of international agreements;
21) implementation of parliamentary control and other powers provided for by this Constitution.
As a rule, issues that fall under the joint powers of the chambers are considered first in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and then in the Senate.

The absolute powers of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan:
1) To elect the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies, the chairmen of the committees and their deputies;
2) to decide on the issues of depriving a deputy of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan of the right to immunity according to the presentation of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
3) making decisions on issues related to the organization of its activities and internal rules of the chamber;
4) includes making decisions on one or another issue in the field of political, socio-economic life, as well as issues of the state's internal and foreign policy.
5) Consideration and approval of the candidates for membership of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan based on the submission of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan for their subsequent approval for positions by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.


The absolute powers of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan:
1) electing the Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies, the chairmen of the committees and their deputies;
2) electing the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the recommendation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
3) electing the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the recommendation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
4) appoint the chairman of the Supreme Council of Judges of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the recommendation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
5) Approving decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the appointment and dismissal of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Chairman of the Accounts Chamber;
6) Uzbek of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan